Investing Answers Building and Protecting Your Wealth through Education Publisher of The Next Banks That Could Fail
Investing Answers Building and Protecting Your Wealth through Education Publisher of The Next Banks That Could Fail

Net Liquid Assets

What it is:

Net liquid assets are cash and securities that can be converted to cash quickly, minus current liabilities.

How it works (Example):

The formula for net liquid assets is:

Net Liquid Assets = Cash + Marketable Securities - Current Liabilities

Note that current liabilities are liabilities due within the next 365 days.

For example, let's assume that Company XYZ has $1 million in cash on its balance sheet, $300,000 in marketable securities, and $2 million of current liabilities. Using the formula above, Company XYZ's net liquid assets are:

$1,000,000 + $300,000 - $2,000,000 = -$700,000

In this example, Company XYZ has negative liquid assets, meaning that if it was forced to pay off all of its current liabilities today, it would not be able to do so.

Why it Matters:

Clearly, having the cash in hand to pay off debts is an advantage to borrowers and soothing to lenders. Thus, analysts use net liquid assets as a very stringent test of how well a company can meet its short-term debt obligations.