Investing Answers Building and Protecting Your Wealth through Education Publisher of The Next Banks That Could Fail
Investing Answers Building and Protecting Your Wealth through Education Publisher of The Next Banks That Could Fail

Yield

What it is:

Yield refers to the cash return to the owner of a security or investment

How it works (Example):

In general, yield is calculated as follows:

Periodic Cash Distributions / Total Cost of Investment = Yield

The term yield may refer to slightly different aspects of a return for variable types of investments. For example, a yield on bonds, such as the coupon yield is the annual interest paid on the principal amount of the bond. Current yield is the coupon yield on a bond at a specific point in the time before the bond maturity. A yield to maturity of a bond is the internal rate of return on a bond's cash flow, including the cost of the bonds, period payments from the bonds, if any, and the return of the principal at redemption.

[Use our Yield to Call (YTC) Calculator to measure your annual return if you hold a particular bond until its first call date.]

[Use our Yield to Maturity (YTM) Calculator to measure your annual return if you plan to hold a particular bond until maturity.]

In equities, yields on preferred shares are similar to bond yields. For example, the dividend yield is the total payments in a year from the preferred shares divided by the principal value of the preferred shares. The current yield refers to the annual payments divided by the current market price

Why it Matters:

While yields of various investments do not explain the reasons for the gains and losses, they may mask declines in the underlying value of the assets or the effects of inflation. Using the yield is a convenient way of comparing the returns on various financial investments.

Related Terms View All
  • U.S. House Financial Services Committee
    The U.S. House Financial Services Committee also has jurisdiction over the country's...
  • Hazard Insurance
    Let's say John Doe borrows $100,000 to buy a house. Company XYZ lends him the money and...
  • Self-Insure
    Let's say John Doe owns a restaurant. He buys property and casualty insurance that only...
  • Large Trader
    Let's say Company XYZ is a pension fund that holds $1 billion of assets for a teachers...
  • Recording Fee
    Let's say John Doe buys a house from Jane Smith for $300,000 on October 1. At the closing...