The United States has become a nation of savers.
Where once the money management mantra was "invest it and retire wealthy," it is now "save it or lose it" -- a healthy reaction to the chaos, greed and notable lack of safety in traditional investments including those sponsored by Wall Street's financial firms.
Retirement plans and pensions are in trouble. The fear is that individual savings could disappear overnight in a general financial system meltdown. Overriding all is a sense that things are going to get worse before they get better and that the time has come to take matters into one's own hands.
Americans are saving, but increasingly they are adding gold to the savings mix as a hedge against declining returns and overall systemic risks.
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Over the past decade as shown by the table below, the returns on gold have been gratifying. In compiling the table, I was careful not to skew it in a way to make the numbers look any better than they need to be to make the point. I did not over-state the returns by going from the low to the high in any given year, or even by basing it on average prices -- both of which would have resulted in much higher returns -- but straightforwardly on calendar year prices.
Gold has posted returns of 19% or better in eight of the last 10 years -- a "yawner" for those who constantly inveigh against gold's supposed volatility, but "old reliable" for those who bought it intending to hedge the disastrous turn of events in the global economy.
Anyone purchasing gold at any time during the past decade and holding it for at least three years has garnered a solid return on his or her holdings.
What's more, the real rate of return as shown in the final column -- the yield minus inflation -- has been the stuff of portfolio planners' dreams. Even when you take into account the two off-years of 2004 and 2008, the average real rate of return over the nine year period was a stellar 8.5%.
If I were to use a single word to define gold's performance over the past decade, it would be "stalwart." The other word that comes to mind is "consistent." These two words are near and dear to the heart of those who wish to hold on to their hard earned wealth.
The real rate of return numbers in the table were arrived at using the inflation rates generated by Shadow Government Statistics (SGS). SGS methodology, in my view, provides a more reliable -- albeit significantly higher -- measure of the inflation rate than the one used by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). As a result, SGS statistics lend themselves to a more accurate rendition of the real rate of return. If we would have used BLS numbers, the real rate of return would have been significantly higher. SGS uses the same statistical format for inflation the government used in 1980 before the Bureau of Labor Statistics went to hedonic adjustments. Many economists believe the contemporary version of the Consumer Price Index understates the inflation rate.
One of the problems often overlooked in savings plans is the long-term effects of currency erosion. Instead of looking at the real rate of return on gold in isolation, let's also take into account the real rate of return on dollar based savings, once again using the SGS inflation numbers.
As you can see by the right hand column, returns on bank savings, and by extension most yield-based investments, are deeply in the red when inflation is taken into account.
Over the 10 year period things have gone from bad to worse. In 2002, the real rate of return was a negative 4.49%. In 2010, rate of decline was 8.43% -- the highest in the last 10 years. 2011 does not look like it is going to end on a much happier note.
The swing between what was lost in dollar-based accounts and what could have been gained by a simple diversification into gold should also be taken into account. For 2010, a $10,000 certificate of deposit would have been valued at $9,157.00 after inflation. That same $10,000 in gold would have been valued at $11,638 after inflation. That amounts to a nearly $2,500 swing -- a difference of over 27%!
The Investing Answer: When one takes into account that inflation is a clear and present reality and that it truly does affect the value of the money we have stored at the bank or in a money market account, it gets the wheels turning. One remedy -- and the one often taken -- is to seek higher returns in investments associated with higher risk, the Jon Corzine approach. We all know how that ended for Corzine and MF Global.
The prospect of higher returns always brings with it the risk of potential losses -- the polar opposite of what we expect from our savings. In the end, the best approach is the time-worn one -- the one that comes down to us through the centuries. It is the most direct, the easiest to understand, and for the past 10 years it has been the most reliable. The best remedy is to save gold.
Editor's Note: This article was originally posted by USAGOLD-Centennial Precious Metals.