What it is:
How it works (Example):
Let's say John Doe wants to buy a $100,000 house. He only has $5,000 for a down payment, so he asks Company XYZ to lend him $95,000. However, Company XYZ typically requires a 20% down payment (that is, $20,000 in John's case). The loan-to-value on his loan would instead be $95,000/$100,000, or 95%. Thus, John Doe is asking for a high-ratio loan.
Why it Matters:
A high-ratio loan is a mortgage that has a small down payment.