What It Is:
In economics, savings is the amount that is left after spending. In banking, savings refers to savings accounts, which are short-term, interest-bearing deposits with a bank or other financial institution.
How It Works/Example:
There are only two things to do with money: Save it or spend it. For example, let's say John Doe's paycheck is $1,600 every two weeks, or $3,200 a month. His expenses are the following:
Car payment: $450
Student payment: $450
Credit card payment: $300
Cell phone: $75
Total expenses: $3,000
Because John spends $3,000 of his $3,200 per month, he saves $200.
If John's expenses are higher than his income, he is not saving; he is living paycheck-to-paycheck. If he gets fired, has an emergency or his company closes in two weeks, he would have little backup.
In banking , savings accounts are time deposits, meaning that a bank can require the account holder to give notice before withdrawing the funds or impose a penalty for withdrawal before a specified date. The interest rates on savings accounts vary by institution but are generally lower than interest rates on longer-term deposits, such as CDs or even money market accounts. Interest is usually compounded monthly.
Why It Matters:
It is dangerous not to save investment vehicle.
Ironically, when a country saves so much money that it hardly spends anything, its can suffer. This is called the paradox of thrift, which is an economic theory developed by John Maynard Keynes that states that the more people save, the less they spend and thus the less they stimulate the economy.
It is important to that the interest rate paid on a savings account may be below the rate, meaning that the account actually might lose purchasing power over time despite the interest earned.