Net Worth

What it is:

Net worth refers to the total value of an individual or company expressed as total assets less total liabilities.

How it works/Example:

The net worth of an individual is simply calculated as total assets (e.g. home equity and portfolio value) less total debt (e.g. mortgage, credit card debt, auto loans, and educational loans).

For example, an individual with total assets of $100,000 and $30,000 of total debt would have a net worth of $100,000 – 30,000 = $70,000. 

A company's net worth is calculated in a similar manner, but is referred to as stockholder equity

Why it Matters:

For a company, net worth is a necessary consideration for the purposes of valuation, particularly in the event of a acquisition or merger. For an individual, net worth is important for tax purposes, wealth management and estate planning.

Best execution refers to the imperative that a broker, market maker, or other agent acting on behalf of an investor is obligated to execute the investor's order in a way that is most advantageous to the investor rather than the agent.