What it is:
How it works (Example):
Hard currencies are generally issued by developed countries that have a strong industrial economy accompanied by a stable government. The most common hard currencies include the U.K. pound sterling (GBP), the euro (EUR) and U.S. dollar (USD).
Why it Matters:
Hard currencies display high stability and typically experience only minor short-term fluctuations in the foreign exchange market. Hard currencies are frequently used to denominate commodities and serve as a benchmark for foreign exchange markets. As a result, instability in hard currencies can lead to a loss in confidence with worldwide effect on markets.