Investing Answers Building and Protecting Your Wealth through Education Publisher of The Next Banks That Could Fail
Investing Answers Building and Protecting Your Wealth through Education Publisher of The Next Banks That Could Fail

Common-Size Financial Statement

What it is:

A common-size financial statement is an income statement or balance sheet in which each line items are expressed as a percentage of sales or assets, respectively.

How it works (Example):

For example, let's assume that Company XYZ's income statement looks like this:

The right side of the income statement, which shows each expense as a percentage of sales, is a common-size income statement.

Why it Matters:

Common-size financial statements facilitate easy comparison. Not only can readers easily see how much of every dollar goes to rent, for example, they can compare that percentage to other companies or other periods in time. This allows analysts to compare companies of different sizes and not be "blinded" by the size differences inherent in the raw data.