Calendar Year

What it is:

The calendar year is the period between January 1 and December 31.

How it works/Example:

If Company XYZ starts its fiscal year on January 1 and ends its fiscal year on December 31, then Company XYZ's fiscal year is said to be on a calendar year basis. Many companies align their fiscal years with the calendar year, but many don't. For example, Company 123 might start its fiscal year on October 1 and end on September 30.

Why it Matters:

It is important for investors to know whether a company uses the calendar year or another period for their fiscal year, especially when comparing companies in seasonal industries.

Best execution refers to the imperative that a broker, market maker, or other agent acting on behalf of an investor is obligated to execute the investor's order in a way that is most advantageous to the investor rather than the agent.