Market Penetration

What it is:

Market penetration is the percentage of a target market that consumes a product or service. Market penetration can also be a measure of one company's sales as a percentage of all sales for a product.

How it works/Example:

Companies produce goods and services with a specific population or market in mind. In a broad sense, market penetration is a measure of individuals in a target market who consume something versus those who do not. For example, if a company determines that product ABC has a market of 50 million people and of those 10 million purchase it, then product ABC's market penetration would be 20% (10,000,000 / 50,000,000 = 0.20).

Market penetration can be used to describe the percentage of one company's sales versus total sales for a specific product. For example, if all companies that produce product ABC have total sales of $5 million, and company XYZ's sales equal $1.5 million, then company XYZ's market penetration would be 30% ($1.5 million / $5 million = 0.30).

Why it Matters:

Market penetration for a good or service indicates potential for increased sales. In other words, the smaller a product's market penetration, the more a company should invest in its strategy for marketing that item. For this reason, high market penetration indicates that a product has become established and the company is a market leader.

Best execution refers to the imperative that a broker, market maker, or other agent acting on behalf of an investor is obligated to execute the investor's order in a way that is most advantageous to the investor rather than the agent.