Investing Answers Building and Protecting Your Wealth through Education Publisher of The Next Banks That Could Fail
Investing Answers Building and Protecting Your Wealth through Education Publisher of The Next Banks That Could Fail

Labor Productivity

What it is:

Labor productivity measures the hourly productive output for a country's economy during a period of time. 

How it works (Example):

A country's labor productivity is a function of technological innovation, labor resources and capital investment

The formula for labor productivity is: 

Labor Productivity = Total Output / Total Productive Hours 

Gross domestic product (GDP) is generally used as the measure of total output.

For example, suppose a country's total output for 2010 was $5 trillion. All members of its labor force worked a total of 100 billion productive hours for the year. Labor productivity is found by dividing $5 trillion by 100 billion productive hours:

= $5 trillion / 100 billion hours

= $50 per hour

The country's labor productivity for 2010 was $50 per hour.

Why it Matters:

Economic analysts and policymakers compare a country's labor productivity from period to period as a measure of output efficiency. An upward trend in labor productivity suggests a rising cost of living.

Labor productivity is also compared among different countries to determine which are more or less productive than others. 

Related Terms View All
  • Auction Market
    Though most of the trading is done via computer, auction markets can also be operated via...
  • Best Execution
    Let's assume you place an order to buy 100 shares of Company XYZ stock. The current quote...
  • Book-Entry Savings Bond
    Savings bonds are bonds issued by the U.S. government at face values ranging from $50 to...
  • Break-Even Point
    The basic idea behind break-even point is to calculate the point at which revenues begin...
  • Calendar Year
    If Company XYZ starts its fiscal year on January 1 and ends its fiscal year on December...